Posted on April 14, 2019 in Personal Injury
Every Nevada vehicle owner must follow the state’s laws concerning vehicle inspections. Whether you plan to move to Nevada, purchase your first vehicle in Nevada, or purchase an out-of-state vehicle as a Nevada resident, you must ensure your vehicle meets Nevada’s inspection laws. The laws apply to all Nevada vehicles, including those purchased out of state. While other states may have similar inspection laws, a vehicle newly registered in Nevada must meet Nevada’s inspection requirements.
Purchasing From a Nevada Car Dealer
If you intend to purchase a vehicle from a Nevada seller you must have the appropriate documentation to register your vehicle in Nevada. The dealer should provide a Nevada Evidence of Insurance Card and a Nevada Vehicle Inspection Report. The dealer will also provide a Dealer Report of Sale and a vehicle registration application. A newly purchased vehicle from a Nevada dealer will have a temporary registration tag, and the buyer must register the vehicle before this temporary placard expires.
Purchasing an Out-Of-State Vehicle
If you live in Nevada but decide to purchase a vehicle out of state, you must register your vehicle in Nevada if your primary residence is in Nevada. The dealer should still be able to provide a Nevada application for vehicle registration or you can find one online. The dealer must also provide proof of sale, a VIN inspection report, and the manufacturer’s certificate of origin. The out-of-state dealer must also provide an odometer statement to have the vehicle inspected in Nevada.
Requirements for Inspection
Any vehicle registered in Nevada must meet the state’s inspection laws, and inspection is a requirement for registration in Nevada. Vehicles registered in Nevada must meet the smog standards upheld by the state, and this applies to most gas and diesel-powered vehicles produced after 1968. Nevada does not require inspections for vehicles on their first or second registration cycles or during the first five years following the model year of the vehicle. Other exempt vehicles include diesel-powered vehicles with gross vehicle weight ratings over 14,000 pounds, motorized bikes and scooters, and motorcycles.
Nevada requires annual registration renewal for all registered vehicles, so vehicle owners should expect to submit their vehicles for inspection at least once per year. After submitting a vehicle for emissions testing, the results are valid for 90 days for the purposes of vehicle registration renewal. Nevada requires used car dealerships to conduct emissions testing on every vehicle sold, but in private transactions the emissions test is the buyer’s responsibility.
Passing and Failing Emissions Testing
If your vehicle passes emissions testing you can use the Nevada Vehicle Inspection Report to complete a vehicle registration or registration renewal. If it fails, you must complete the required repairs and then resubmit for another test. If a vehicle fails a second time, it may qualify for a waiver, allowing the owner to wait out another registration year before resubmitting to an emissions test. This can allow for more time to pay for necessary repairs without limiting the vehicle owner’s access to transportation.
Waivers are not allowed for vehicles still covered by manufacturers’ warranties, smoking vehicles, or vehicles that display evidence of emissions device tampering. Owners of these vehicles must pay for the necessary repairs regardless of cost.
If the police stop a driver for an expired registration or expired inspection sticker, the officer will typically give the driver a notice to have the required testing and registration completed within a specific time, usually 14 days. The officer will provide the driver with a form to fill out and submit with proof of completion of the required inspection. Failure to arrange an inspection as required could result in fines or other penalties depending on how long a driver continues to use an uninspected vehicle.